Spanish Gradual with Superb Penwork Initials
A Gradual with Consummate Penwork. Single folio on vellum. Spain, ca. 1550: approx. 500 mm x 380 mm. Eight five-line staves in red, rake-ruled (17.5 mm). Foliated xliii in red ink in upper right. Decoration: three staff-high initials, one in red with blue penwork, one in blue with red penwork, and one puzzle initial in red and blue with exceptionally fine red and blue penwork. Texts: Alleluia, Sequence, Offertory, and Communion for the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross; Office for the Feast of the Crown of Thorns. This is an unusual pairing found only in Germany, Scandinavia, and Spain, but not universally.